First Conditional: Real Present Or Future Possibilities



Free Lesson:

The First Conditional: Real Present Or Future Possibilities

The-conditional-structures-and-the-types-of-conditional-in-English.png July 6, 2020

Hello and welcome back to English FBA (English For Beginners Academy). 

In Today’s lesson, we will be talking about: First Conditional: Real Present Or Future Possibilities


You will learn:

  • The structure of the first conditional.
  • When to use the first conditional.


Conditionals can be a challenging and confusing aspect of the English language to grasp.

In the previous overview of conditionals, we explained that a”condition” means “situation or circumstance”; and by now, you should already know that conditionals are based on the fact that ia particular condition is true, then a particular result happens.

 condition clause (cause) ,    +     result clause (effect)

The following sections cover the first conditional and when to use it in the English language.

The  Structure Of The First Conditional

If +Present Simple,      +        Future Simple

                   or             ⇓  ⇓⇓

                        If +Present Simple,+ (S + will/won’t + verb(bare form))


  1. If it rains, will you take your umbrella? (interrogative form)
  2. Yes, if it rains, I will take my umbrella. (affirmative form)
  3. But, if it doesn’t rain, I won’t take it. (negative form)


  • In this example, the condition is ‘rain’ and the result is ‘taking the umbrella’.In other words, if it doesn’t rain, I won’t take the umbrella with me: taking the umbrella depends on the weather.)
  • Also, note that I included 3 sentences with different forms on purpose. I want you to understand that the use of the tenses must be respected regardless of the way the sentence is formed. The rule stays the same:(simple present + simple future)

When do we use the first conditional?

  • The first conditional is commonly used to talk about possible plans, back up plans, promises, warnings, threats, or persuading someone.
  • This conditional typically deals with future, real-world events that are pondered daily. In other words,  it deals with issues that have a real possibility of occurring in the future. It refers to things that will possibly happen in the future if a condition is met.


  1. If you eat this greasy food, you will throw up. (warning)
  2. If I have some free time tomorrow, I will help you with your project. (possible plan or promise)
  3. If we work hard, we will finish the project on time. (persuading)
  4. The kidnaper threatened the lady saying:

If you don’t send the money right now, you will never see your son again.'(threat)


  • Sometimes, the first conditional uses the if/then structure and the words will, shall, can or may to convey the future action being considered.

The following sentences are examples of the first conditional:

    • If I can get the time off of work, then I will come to visit you in Florida.

    • If we don’t have what to cook for dinner, we may have to order pizza.

    • I can work from home if my internet connection gets fixed.

    • If it rains tomorrow, I shall go to the movies.

By: Najat A. 

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